Titus 2

1 In contrast, Titus was to teach and correct in a manner appropriate for one who knows the true Gospel. The Gospel is recorded in the Bible for us, and it is vital that preachers today teach from it and not allow the message to be compromised by worldly influences.
2 Titus was then instructed to teach different groups of people how to live appropriate Christian lives. The groups were divided by age, gender, and employment status.

The first group that Titus is to instruct is the old men. Older people throughout history have often been sought out for wisdom and guidance. Having experienced much, their words were usually respected and followed. It was very important, then, that older Christian men be worthy of such respect. Christian and non-Christian alike would seek their advice, but if the man did not live a worthy life consistent with the words he spoke, his recommendations would likely be rejected.

Older Christian men should be temperate. This means not given to extremes. They should live a balanced life. They are to behave in a dignified manner, not as what many would call "eccentric." They are to be sensible, solving problems in a straightforward manner. They are to know Jesus and accurately convey the Good News. They are to love others, that is, truly care about their needs, emotionally, spiritually, and physically. Anyone can give advice, but when we love others, we will give the best advice possible. They are also to persevere, to hold to the truth no matter what the opposition might be.

3 In modern society, it seems as though we ignore the elderly. This is a shame, especially in the church, where their past experiences can be valuable for shaping younger lives. One example is in the role of teaching. The younger generation often seems to have too little time to prepare lessons and teach. Most feel intimidated, perhaps rightly so, that they do not have the background and understanding to teach. This is where an older person might do wonderfully as a teacher.

Here, older women were given many responsibilities in the church. They were charged not to be gossips or drunkards, but instead to revere God and teach good things to the younger women (the elders would teach the men).

4 While these two verses explain what older women should be teaching the younger, it also implies what women should be doing in the church. A church body is made up of family unites. If the families are strong, the church will be strong. Older women are to teach younger women how to have strong families.

The first charge is to love the other family members, that is, to be concerned about their physical and spiritual well being. Her husband is to be first on the list. Husband and wife are to be married for life, so it is vital that both partners keep their relationship alive and couched in love. Older women who have been married for many years would most likely give the best advice on how to have an enduring marriage.

The next important thing is to love the children. Every Christian mother should want her children to know and love God. There are also many physical things that children need: care when they are sick, education, training on how to become independent, etc. Older women who have raised children can be helpful advisors. If they have time, they may also be helpful caretakers when mother needs a break.

5 Raising children well and running a good home is not often seen as worthwhile endeavors in modern society. However, we only need to look at the hurt and disruption abounding in our world of broken and dysfunctional families to see how important it really is. In order to have strong families and well-adjusted children, we need sensible women to help run the household. The husband is charged with the responsibility of providing for the physical and spiritual needs of his family, but he needs the help of his wife to carry out most of the daily household routines while he is earning a living for the family. God has designated that the husband is to lead his family with love, and the wife should follow his leadership. However, he is not charged with making every detailed decision for her. She must be intelligent, observing the family situation on a daily basis, and using the values established by her and her husband to decide how best to react to every situation. Older women can help the younger see why strong families are important, and can teach them how to make good decisions about running a household.

Another important factor is that the wife be "pure." First, she should acknowledge the one and only God. She must never wander from her Christian faith. Second, she must be devoted physically and emotionally to no other man than her husband. Older women can teach about faith, and be helpful advisors during the difficult times that come into every marriage.

God is honored when a family is being run the way He designed it. Such a family unit will excel physically and spiritually under most circumstances. In our society of dysfunctional families, people should be attracted to Christian families and have questions like, "how do you do it?"

6 Titus himself is to charge the young men to be sensible, that is, to act intelligently, responsibly, and with purpose.
7 Titus was a young man himself, so he was to teach by example. It is likely that back then, as now, many young men explore the "wild side" of life. However, instead of pursuing idleness or mindless "fun," young men are to do good deeds. Instead of experimenting with all kinds of philosophies, they are to learn and follow the doctrines of Christ. Instead of acting with reckless abandon, they are to carry themselves with self-assurance, and the dignity of being a child of God.
8 People will have hard and tricky questions for Christians to answer. Instead of speaking spontaneously, young men are to think first about what they have learned, studied, and experienced so they can respond in a correct manner. Some answers are hard to explain, and others involve paradoxes that can sound contradictory if not explained properly.

It is important that Christians know what and why they believe. However, we can not know the full depth of God, so there will be times we need to admit that we do not know an answer. Some answers can be found with further research in the Bible or by asking more experienced Christians. In those events, it is far better to admit that you do not know the answer than to blurt something out that may prove to be incorrect.

Many people in the world feel that Christianity is a mindless faith, and indeed, some Christians live up to that. On the contrary, God designed us as intelligent beings, and we are to use reason, augmented by faith and the Spirit, to speak and act in a way that pleases Him, and sends a clear message of the Gospel to the world.

When all the areas of our lives are in agreement with the Gospel, no one will be able to slander us. This will not necessarily stop those opposed to the Gospel from degrading Christians, but they will be ashamed either when they determine we will not contradict the faith or when God vindicates us on Judgement Day.

Young men are often very active people. They are at a time in their lives when they are learning, exploring the world, working, becoming spokesmen in their communities, and establishing families of their own. Young men tend to touch more lives, for better or worse, than any other group, so it is important that they not only make a good impression, but be good and solid representations of what Christians should be.

9 Slavery was common during the time this letter was written. Slaves, in general, had few, if any rights. They were considered as property, and their masters could do whatever they wanted with them. This easily led to oppressive work conditions. While most of the world is free from slavery today, these principles still apply to employees.

Employees must remember that they work for their manager and company. Christians should make every effort to excel at what they do to help the organization. If we continually complain, or prove unreliable, then it will be clear to others that Christ has made no real difference in our lives. If a manager or company demands that an employee do something morally wrong or spiritually offensive, the employee should seek a resolution, or, if the situation is very serious, seek employment elsewhere. If an Christian in a bad situation can not or does not want to leave, then he will need to ask God for specific guidance and strength in that situation.

10 A Christians should never be found a thief or embezzler. Ideally, this should apply even to the smallest piece of company property, whether it is paper clips, small tools, etc. This could also be applied to how one spends his time at work. He should not "steal" time from the company by engaging in many personal or wasteful things. Some companies are flexible around this issue, but if a Christian works for a day's wages, he should put in all the hours required to earn it honestly. We must live with integrity.

Christians should prove to be trustworthy. This means that an employer can confidently assign a task to a Christian employee knowing that he will complete it well.

If a Christian is a good employee, he displays the Gospel as the life-changing, beautiful work of God that it is. Even if managers and fellow employees were not attracted to the Gospel, they would have to admit that it has a positive effect on one's work habits.

11 Jesus appeared to relatively few people during His physical presence on earth. However, the written accounts of His words and works are available to all people, and salvation (i.e., a restored relationship with God) is available to anyone who will believe it. The main goal of missionary work is to present these accounts to all people so they will have an informed way to respond to God.
12 A person's behavior without Christ is irrelevant because we can only be made right with God by the grace extended through Jesus. However, when we say we believe Him, we are obligated to learn how to behave the way He wants us. The Holy Spirit is the one who teaches us these things (John 14:26). These behaviors benefit both us and those around us. Paul has summarized some of these guidelines in the previous verses. When we love God and love people, we not only fulfil the secular law, but we far surpass it, and God is pleased and honored in the process.
13 A Christian's hope for eternal life is tied to the resurrection of Jesus. That hope will not be fulfilled until Jesus returns and we are raised from the dead. Thus, we eagerly anticipate Jesus' return.

There is not doubt here that Paul taught the deity of Christ. To the Christian, it does not matter if we pray to God, the Father, Jesus, or the Spirit. The latter are together in the one Being, God. This is the doctrine of the Trinity.

14 Jesus wants Christians to be special people. Jesus' work on the cross paid for our sins. In response, we should work to benefit others physically and spiritually. We are not to do this grudgingly or out of a sense of guilt. We are to act with zeal because of our desire to share the joy of Christ with others.
15 Titus was a young man, which might put him in a difficult position when instructing men much older than himself. Traditionally, the younger are to be instructed by the older. However, Titus would be speaking under the authority of God, who is, of course, One who is able to instruct all. Titus was reminded that if people in the church ignored his instruction because of his age (or for any other reason) he was able to discipline them.