Luke 24

13 Emmaus is thought to have been either 7 or 19 miles northwest of Jerusalem.
15 The two were trying to figure out between them what the stories about Jesus' sudden appearances meant. They were not making significant process, and needed God's help to understand these things.
16 The two were not expecting to see Jesus again, and apparently did not ask the Stranger's name. Jesus may have also covered His face so that He would not be recognized. It seems that the two would have recognized His voice, but they did not make the connection. Besides all these factors, the verse indicates that an outside force (perhaps the Holy Spirit) hid Jesus' identity until it was the right time. Jesus had a lesson to teach, and this would be the best way to teach it.
17 Before one can solve a problem, he must define what it is. Jesus asks the men to tell Him what they are discussing. After they understand the definition and scope of the problem, Jesus can explain the solution.
18 For the followers of Jesus, the triumphant entry and the crucifixion were the "events of the year," and he expected that everyone would have heard about it.
19 Ironically, Jesus was the only one who really knew what happened, but He asked this to get His followers to summarize clearly where their doubts came from. As any good teacher, He asks them questions to see if they understand what they have been taught.

The first thing they said was that Jesus was a prophet. This shows they no longer saw Him as the Messiah.

21 Here they show that they still misunderstood Jesus' mission. Many people expected Jesus to free Israel from Roman occupation. They did not understand that His first mission was to free people from slavery to sin.
22 These two followers had already heard the amazing and good news that Jesus was alive, but they did not believe it. Back then, the testimony of a woman was not considered valid, so doubt remained about Jesus being alive, although the fact that the tomb was empty had been confirmed. Secondly, the news that Jesus was alive was "too good to be true." They simply could not believe that something so wonderful had happened. These disciples apparently left Jerusalem before Jesus appeared to the disciples in the locked room.
25 The followers still did not understand the events that had taken place, so Jesus again teaches them. It would be wonderful if we had the content of this lesson, but at least we know what the theme was. Jesus' death and resurrection was predicted throughout the Old Testament. As one reads through the books of Moses and the prophets it is exciting to see not only these prophesies that were fulfilled, but also those that will be fulfilled at Jesus' second coming.
26 What the Jewish leaders and the Romans did to Jesus was terrible and painful. Yet, it was a necessary sacrifice to save humanity.
29 This "Stranger," who they thought knew nothing of Jesus, ended up explaining the meaning of His death. The rebuke followed by teaching from the Scriptures sparked their interest, and they begged to hear more.
31 At the Last Supper, Jesus had broke bread with the words, "remember Me." When Jesus performed this act, the followers immediately recognized Him. However, before they could say another word, He disappeared. Jesus had finished teaching them the meaning of His death. It was now time for them to understand the meaning of His resurrection.
32 Only in hindsight did the followers see that the Stranger's words had the same power as Jesus had before His execution.

The disciple's emotions were in line with the truth that Jesus spoke to them. The disciples so longed for Jesus that their positive emotions welled up as Jesus taught them.

Some cult groups use emotions to try to convince potential converts. They will claim that if you feel a "burning in your heart" as they speak it is a sign that what they say is true. However, they normally touch off emotional responses based on fleshly needs rather than the truth of God (Jer 17:9). The more important tests of a legitimate Christian fellowship are to see their teachings and actions are in line with the Scriptures. A church congregation that lives by the truth of God should lift our hopes and inspire us, but one should not be deceived by groups that rely heavily on emotions to catch and keep people.

33 It was too late for travel, but the followers did anyway because their news was too good to wait.
34 At some time during the day, Jesus appeared to Peter. The event is also spoken of in 1 Cor 15:5. The two returning disciples, having seen Jesus themselves, are now willing to corroborate Peter's conviction that Jesus was resurrected.
36 John 20:19
37 Ghosts and hauntings are not taught in Scripture, yet this is the second time that the idea came up among the disciples (Mat 14:26). The disciples picked this superstition up from their surrounding culture.
38 Even though Jesus had told the disciples about His death and resurrection several times, they still had trouble believing that it was actually happening.
39 Jesus wants to make it very clear that a resurrected body is a material body.

After Judgement Day it appears there will be a physical New Jerusalem where we will live in physical form.

40 John 20:27 indicates that Jesus showed the evidence of His crucifixion. This was not a look-alike; it was the real Jesus.
41 The disciples were suffering from the adage, "if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is." To prove that He is real and not a hallucination He eats some food.
44 The disciples were familiar with the prophecies about the Messiah. Jesus' words and appearance confirm that what the Scriptures predicted had indeed come true.
45 In the way that only God can, He made the "light bulb" turn on in their minds. The best way to get to know God is by reading the Scriptures. However, many people who have a detailed knowledge of the Bible do not believe the contents. This was true with the religious leaders of Jesus' day (Luke 11:52). Even with the evidence of miracles many people do not believe God (John 10:38). Yet, God will give understanding to those who really want it. Even if they have never heard a verse of Scripture or seen a miracle, God can give them understanding.
47 Israel is again shown special in God's eyes. They were given the Law of Moses, they were given the Messiah, and now they were to be the first to hear the Good News of His death for their sins and subsequent resurrection. The forgiveness of sins through Jesus would make it much easier to bring people from other nations into personal relationships with God.
48 A witness is not only one who sees an event, he is one who testifies to what he has seen.
49 Understanding would not be sufficient for the task set before the disciples to be witnesses to the world. They would receive a special gift of power from God for their work.
51 Those who do not believe that Jesus was divine suggest that Jesus went into hiding and died a natural death at some unknown location. However, this verse makes it clear that the disciples saw Jesus ascend into the air on His way to heaven.
52 The disciples recognized Jesus as God and worshipped Him accordingly. They were joyful because they now understood what had happened and what He had done for them.
53 In a natural response to God's goodness, the believers would meet in public worship.