John 14

1 After the rebuke against Peter, Jesus knew that he and the other disciples were probably troubled. The other gospels indicate that the others, like Peter, proclaimed that they would die for Jesus' sake. Instead of being troubled and confused by what was happening, the disciples were simply to believe in Jesus.
2 Jesus indicates that the Father's house is made up of many dwellings. The picture we are given in Revelation depicts it as a gigantic city (Rev 21). This means that the Father is already expecting to live with people. Jesus implies the disciples should have already known about this. Jesus Himself must return to finish the preparations on the permanent dwelling places for all those saved by Him.
3 It naturally follows that since He is going to prepare places for believers to live that He will come back to take them to these homes. To answer the disciples' question, then, they can not follow Him now because their residences are not ready yet. However, they will follow Him one day and remain with Him forever (John 13:36).
4 These ideas were things Jesus had taught about since the beginning of His ministry. If the disciples had understood, they would have recognized that Jesus was speaking of His return to heaven, and their eventual following that would be allowable through Jesus' sacrifice for their sins.
5 Since they did not understand where Jesus said He was going, they did not know how they would follow Him. Thomas thought that if he at least could find out where to go that he could figure out a way to get there.
6 The disciples were thinking geographically, but Jesus was speaking of spiritual matters. Eternal life with God is the final destination. Jesus Himself would serve as the way to the Father. His death on the cross would accomplish the payment for sin that was necessary to approach the Father. His resurrection would prove that He could give life to all who would follow Him. God is the ultimate Truth behind the universe. Since Jesus is a member of the Godhead, He is also the Truth. Therefore, in Jesus are both the direction and the destination.
7 Jesus had spoken many times about His intimate relationship and oneness with the Father. Yet, this is a concept the disciples had not yet grasped. Jesus appears to make this statement to provoke a question that will allow Him to explain who He is one more time.
8 Phillip wants the Father to appear in a form that they can see, just as Jesus had done.
9 The Father and the Spirit are invisible to human perception. Jesus came in the flesh, spoke the Father's words, and did the Father's deeds. To know Jesus was to know the Father. Jesus was the perfect, incarnate representation of the Father. To ask for more was not proper.
10 If one has problems grasping this concept, he should be convinced by the numerous miracles Jesus did to prove His oneness with the Father. We do not have to understand all things to have faith in God, but what we do understand should help us believe what we do not understand.
12 Jesus promises that miracles will still occur through believers. The early Church seemed especially abundant in miracles. It should be clear that such miracles are from God, not from men. The believer allows himself to be used by God to perform these things. The seemingly rare occurrences of physical miracles today may speak either to weaker faith or to God simply not choosing to perform them at this time. However, we must never forget that the salvation of a person in Jesus is the greatest miracle of all. The "greater" works probably refers to the spreading of the Good News all over the world. Jesus' ministry covered only a small area of the planet. The work of believers since then has touched almost every part of the world. In fact, there will be representatives from every people group in the world at God's throne (Rev 7:9).
13 To ask something in Jesus' name naturally means that it is something that is in accordance with His will. To ask for the salvation of others or for strength to overcome sin are certainly within the realm of proper requests. Asking for things or events that will satisfy our selfish desires are not appropriate. The other key is that the fulfilled request must glorify God. Jesus is pleased to do those things that will glorify the Father. We must be bold enough to ask, though.
15 We have a personal relationship with God, but we must remember that He is our superior in every way. When someone loves and respects their superior, they will take special care to be obedient. Our obedience to Him is the evidence that we love Him.
16 The Holy Spirit helps us to understand God better, gives us strength and courage to obey Him, and helps us communicate with Him. The Holy Spirit is a permanent gift that will not be taken away. In fact, He will continue to be with us in the eternal Kingdom.

This is another small picture of the Trinity: Jesus asking the Father to send the Holy Spirit.

17 The Holy Spirit indwells only those who believe in God. This special gift is not attainable by those who refuse to believe in Him. He reveals the spiritual truth that underlies the entire universe. This is something modern science can not do because it is limited to testing the physical realm.
18 The Holy Spirit acts as a guardian for believers until Jesus returns.
19 Jesus would ascend soon and the disciples would not see Him again. However, the evidence of His resurrection gave them the hope that they would see Him again at the Resurrection.
20 Although we know this now, on Judgement Day we will have indisputable proof.
21 Obedience is the evidence that the believer knows and loves Jesus. God loves those who love Him. This love is the basis for a personal relationship to be established between God and a man.
22 Judas Iscariot had already left, but John wants to emphasize that a different Judas is asking the question.

Judas may be asking this from a worldly perspective. If he were expecting Jesus to take the throne of Israel immediately, He would not be able to keep His identity as the Messiah a "secret" to the world. However, he might be asking this on a spiritual level. If Jesus were to reveal His divine nature in a worldwide public display, it is likely that more people would believe in Him.

23 Jesus has revealed His true nature to the world in a physical way. However, He is now talking about the personal relationship He can only establish with believers. A relationship with God is available to anyone who believes in and loves Jesus, and it is only within the context of faith and obedience that He can relate with a person on a deep, spiritual level.
24 Disobedience is the evidence that one does not love God. This does not mean that a believer will never sin, but a non-believer will remain unrepentant and disobedient.

Jesus emphasizes that He does not speak independently from the Father. One can not say that he loves God but will not obey the words of Jesus because His words are the words of God.

26 Jesus would not be physically available to teach them for very long after His resurrection. However, He would send the Holy Spirit to continue teaching their hearts after He had gone. The Spirit would also help them accurately remember what they had seen and heard so that they could tell others about it. The Spirit would also help them to understand the things that they did not understand when Jesus first spoke them.

The Spirit is sent by Jesus with the authority of the Father. The Spirit is addressed as a person, and is a co-equal member of the Godhead (Acts 5:3-4). In our earthly way of thinking, the Spirit appears to have the "lowest rank" in the Godhead. However, the Holy Spirit is the one who is most involved with the moment-by-moment lives of believers. He is the one charged with teaching our hearts, helping our faith, and comforting us.

27 Jesus' peace gives us a hope for eternal life with God. Since God is good, we can expect that our life with Him will be good as well. The world, however, rejects God and His goodness. Thus, the world can not guarantee true happiness and joy.
28 In the Godhead, Jesus and the Father are of the same essence (John 10:30). Even so, within the Godhead, the Father has the authority to direct how things are done. Jesus submitted to this plan and performed it perfectly (Phil 2:5-11).
29 The disciples already believed several important things about Jesus. They were often confused by what He said, and would be further confused at His crucifixion. However, Jesus predicted His return. When the disciples saw this, they would then understand and believe what Jesus was saying to them.
30 Satan would soon attack Jesus with everything he had. However, it would be proven in the end that Satan could not hold Jesus with his greatest weapon, death. Further, Satan had no accusations to level against Jesus since He followed God's will perfectly.
31 Jesus would allow Himself to be killed by the unbelieving Jews and the Romans. He willingly submitted to this to be the sacrifice for the sins of all who would believe in Him. This was God's plan, and Jesus proves His love and obedience to the Father by following the plan.