Genesis 45

1 We do not know exactly what Joseph's motivation was for hiding his identity and framing his brother. If it was for selfish reasons, then he came to a point where he could bear the deception no more. If it was to test the brothers, then they had finally passed by showing true sacrificial love for each other and their father.

Hearing the emotional plea and longing for his father and brother, Joseph can no longer contain his emotions. He would not reveal himself In front of his Egyptian servants. This was to be a special time of reunion between him and his long-lost brothers. The Egyptians may have been considered crying a weakness, and certainly uncharacteristic of a powerful ruler.

2 At least 22 years of slavery, imprisonment, longing to see his family, and newfound joy welled up in one emotional outpouring. Joseph would not hide his feeling any longer. His crying was so loud that even Pharaoh and his family heard it. Naturally, since Joseph ran Pharaoh's household, he lived and dined there.
3 Imagine the shock and fear of the brothers. They were not at all happy with finding out that the brother they had sold into slavery was both alive and in a powerful position. The worst part is that their secrets would be revealed: they had wanted to kill their brother, and they had lied to their father about it and kept Joseph's enslavement hidden for 22 years. They may have misinterpreted Joseph's emotional outburst and the testing he had put them through; thinking Joseph would now take revenge.

Benjamin, of course, had no idea what was going on, and was very confused.

It is important to recognize that no secret will escape revelation. Most secrets are revealed during this lifetime, often bringing shame if the secret was a bad one. Those that are not revealed here will be revealed on Judgement Day. We are encouraged to keep some of our good deeds secret as an offering for God and not men, but God is insistent that we confess our sins to Him and others as we seek forgiveness.

5 Joseph knew how they felt, but he wanted to reassure them that he was only a small piece in a very big puzzle. He credits God for arranging this situation from the very beginning. For God's purposes (as He had told Abraham), it was necessary for Israel to go to Egypt, for the Israelites to be enslaved, and later they were to be set free. This is part one of this prophecy coming true.
6 Just as certain as the first part of the prophecy had come true, Joseph also knew that the second part would be true as well.
8 Instead of blaming his brothers for something bad, he credits God for something good. For Joseph, Rom 8:28 was a reality long before it was written, and we see this optimistic attitude throughout his entire life story.
11 Joseph is so gracious to forgive. His forgiveness is complete, and he does not hold anything back. He loves his family and wants them near him. During the rest of his days, we never see Joseph carry a grudge or say anything negative about his brothers. He was completely reconciled to them in his own heart. The loving and forgiving attributes of God showed through Joseph.
12 It would be difficult for Israel to believe what he heard. Joseph suspected he would not truly believe it until he saw Joseph with his own eyes. It would be like receiving his beloved son back from the dead.
14 Their weeping was both happy and sad. Sad because they had missed each other, and happy because they were reunited.
15 The kiss here was a sign of forgiveness and love. He had been estranged from his brothers before, but now he wanted to have a good relationship with them. The way to establish any good relationship is by talking.
16 Pharaoh had seen Joseph as a man without a family for so many years. He was touched by their reunion, and wanted his number one commander to be happy. He was probably also relieved to find that Joseph's emotional outpouring was one of joy rather than anguish.
18 Pharaoh generously offers to move Joseph's entire family to Egypt where they will not suffer from the famine.
19 Pharaoh wants the family to come quickly and is sensitive to the needs of those who would have more trouble making the journey.
20 Pharaoh would not only replace what they left behind, but would give them even better things. If they attempted to take all their possessions with them, it would only prove to be a hindrance.
22 Receiving garments from a high official was an honor. A third time Joseph gives a special blessing to his younger brother.
23 The extended family was large, and it would take much food to provide for all of them on the journey.
24 Joseph did not want his brothers fighting along the way. He was afraid that they would try to pin blame on one another as they had to explain to their father, Israel, how Joseph happened to be in Egypt.
26 It looks like the brothers decided not to relate the entire story of how Joseph came to be in his current position. Israel was stunned. He was so used to mourning that he could not accept that Joseph was still alive.
27 Israel's sadness turned to joy as evidence that his long lost son was still alive was presented.
28 Apparently, the brothers had more evidence, but Israel saw enough to be convinced. He was eager and ready to go to Egypt and live the rest of his days near his favorite son. It appears there was no need to question how this had all happened. For now, the important thing was to see Joseph.