Genesis 28

1 Isaac quickly came to terms with what happened. He agreed with Rebekah's plan and commanded Jacob to choose a wife from his ancestral land.

Jacob was at least 40 by this time.

2 Jacob was to marry one of his cousins.
3 Jacob had received the blessing by deceit, but now Isaac now formally blesses Jacob.
9 Esau still did not display much understanding. He tried taking a closer relative as a wife in order to please his parents. There was nothing he could do at this point to receive a blessing.
10 Jacob left, never to see his mother again. He would only see his father again after more than 20 years (Gen 35:27). His father would spend the next 20 years in lonely darkness. The scenario that Rebekah set up caused unnecessary family strife.
11 They used stones to prop their heads up as they slept.
12 The symbolism here is clear. God is showing Jacob that heaven and earth are connected, and God is constantly communicating between the two. The angels carry His messages.

Jesus later reference this verse (John 1:51).

The original word here may be either "ladder" or "ramp." Several translations also use "stairway."

13 The blessing had been given by human lips, and now God confirms the blessing.

Isaac may have spoken about God to his sons, but it is apparent that they did not take this message to heart. Here God confirms that He is the God of Abraham and Isaac. He would be the God of Jacob, too.

Despite Jacob's greedy scheaming ways, and the family unit destruction he shared responsiblity for, God has chosen to continue His Covenant through him. Most people would likely have written Jacob off as one undeserving of such a blessing, but God sees the whole of a person's life, and was aware that Jacob would eventually become

14 This is a wonderful promise. Jacob is leaving his homeland (not knowing when he might return) and he has no wife. Yet, God promised him all the land and a family to fill it. Furthermore, we find a messianic prophecy that says that one of his descendants (i.e., Jesus) would bless all the families of the world.
15 Even more important than these physical blessings, God promises to be with Jacob. It should comfort and encourage us to know that God is not only with us, but He lives inside each Christian heart. Furthermore, He will guide us and then personally usher us into heaven, our Promised Land.
17 While the ladder in the dream was most likely symbolic, Jacob took it literally and believed that the "front door" to heaven was at that location.
18 Abraham and Isaac built altars when they created places of worship. Jacob set up a pillar - typically a pagan symbol. From what follows, it appears that Isaac did not train Jacob very well in the ways of God.
19 "Bethel" means, "House of God." "Luz" means, "almond tree."
20 God had promised to do all these things without placing any conditions on Jacob. Now Jacob turns around and makes his promise conditional on God's promise. Jacob's own deceitful ways tainted his view of God. God will never deceive or break His promises. Jacob would not believe this until he experienced it.
21 Jacob knew of many "gods" that he could choose from, and perhaps had no serious intent of following any god until now. Perhaps Jacob had been an agnostic or even an atheist up to this point.
22 A tithe (1/10) is confirmed here as a proper amount for an offering. This does not limit us to 1/10, however.