Deuteronomy 30

1 God knew ahead of time that Israel would become disobedient and suffer punishment. He also knew that Israel would lose their homeland and be scattered all over the world. Amazingly, though, they would remain a distinct people and would not be absorbed into the populations to which they were exiled.
2 While in exile, the Israelites would not have had access to the tabernacle or the priests. Thus, "all that I command you" appears to refer to the more general principles of their relationship with God. They are to love, trust, and obey Him.
3 It was an amazing feat for God to separate one nation from another when He led Israel out of Egypt. How much more amazing it would be when God again draws Israel together. This time, however, He would extract them from many nations.

This is happening even today. On May 14, 1948, the nation of Israel was formed after being absent for nearly 2000 years. Jews from all over the world continue to return to their biblical homeland.

5 One source estimates there were 8 million Israelites worldwide in the 48 AD Roman census. A 1999 Jewish Bulletin News article estimates there are currently 13.1 million Jews worldwide, with 4.8 million of these living in Israel. Despite the difficulties, Israel is a prosperous nation, and the descendants of Israel are increasing in numbers, just as God promised.