Acts 10

1 A centurion commanded 100 men.
2 The implication is that Cornelius was a Gentile who worshiped God, but did not take the necessary steps to become Jewish. What made him "worse" from the Jewish point of view was that he was a Roman centurion.
3 This occurred at three in the afternoon.
4 When we give to those in need, it may seem like little is accomplished, but God remembers our kindness and generosity. When we "invest" in aiding people physically and spiritually, we invest in the Kingdom of God.
7 Cornelius was instructed by God to bring Peter into his house. He entrusts this task to a fellow believer and two other trusted servants. It is wonderful to have co-workers who believe.

A special trust can, and should, be cultured between believers. Christians know they are ultimately accountable to God, and should have a special love for each other. Thus, the trust between Christians should be stronger than what can exist anywhere else.

9 The sixth hour occurred at noon.
14 Peter followed the Jewish dietary customs which only allowed him to eat certain types of meat (Lev 11).
15 God makes a statement that Peter does not understand. God can make what was once unclean clean. In terms of food, Jesus had already explained to His disciples that food could not cause spiritual uncleanness (Mark 7:15-19). Peter will later learn that this applies to people as well. Weather Jews or Gentiles, all men are unclean before God. The only remedy is Jesus' death on the cross, which works equally well for Jews and Gentiles.
17 Peter did not know that God was preparing him for a visit by Gentiles.
19 God did not wait for those inside the house to call Peter down. He wants Peter to know that He is sending him. This is not a chance event.
20 Since the men were Gentiles, God knew that Peter would be reluctant to go because of his traditional prejudices. God is telling him specifically to overcome his prejudices and trust Him.
23 It was probably unusual for a Jew to offer a Gentile a room in their house, and much more so to lodge a Roman soldier.

Peter took some fellow Christians with him. They probably provided encouragement and would be witnesses to whatever occurred. What he was about to do would be considered a grave error to other Jewish Christians.

24 Cornelius knew this was going to be an important event. After all, God had told him to do this. Cornelius wanted to share God's blessing with those in his sphere of influence. We should all desire that those we know would be touched by God as he works in our lives.
25 Cornelius, not knowing any better, starts to worship Peter. Cornelius was undoubtedly influenced by the Roman practice of worshiping their emperor.
26 Peter quickly corrects the situation. No man or angel is to be worshiped -- only God alone.
28 The lesson of the vision had sunk in. God had essentially told Peter that the Gospel was for all people, not just the Jews.
29 Although he had heard the messengers' reason, Peter still was not exactly sure why he had been called to this place.
33 Cornelius recognized the spiritual significance of this time. He and his company had prepared themselves for the most important event of their lives.
35 God does not discriminate against people because of gender, skin color, country, age, financial situation, or background. He is the only God and He desires that all people come to know and love Him. All people are equally in need of salvation, and Jesus is the only source of it. As imitators of Christ, we should not discriminate against others. We only need to remember how much we needed salvation and how glad we are now to have it.
36 God sent Jesus into the world to preach a message of peace. This is not peace between people, but between men and God (Mat 10:34, John 16:33, Luke 2:14). It is true that Christians should be able to be at peace with one another because they are also at peace with God. In fact, the peace between Christians should be as close to perfect as can be attained on earth. Christians will find it harder to find peace with worldly people. The world will often tolerate Christianity, and will respect those who are law-abiding citizens, but it can take violent exception to obedience to God.
37 Some of those may have heard about Jesus or John the Baptist.
38 The devil enslaves us with sin, but Jesus frees us to have the proper, loving relationship with God, for which we were designed.
39 Peter's witness of Jesus' works made him a reliable source.
40 Jesus' death and resurrection provides the mechanics for the Good News.
41 The number of witnesses was more than 500 (1 Cor 15:6).

God probably did not have Jesus appear at the Temple or other place because He did not want Him to become a spectacle. Perhaps He also did not want locations that would later become pilgrimage destinations.

42 Since we are a "kingdom of priests," we are all assigned to teach. One part of that message is that God will judge the world. Jesus will be the crux of that judgement. Our entry into heaven is based on our relationship with Him. Therefore, He is the best to judge.
43 The most important part of the message is that faith in Jesus allows Him to pay for our sins.