Acts 6

7 With their attention devoted to spreading the Good News of Jesus, the disciples were able to effectively minister to many people. Even many of the priests, who likely opposed Christianity formerly, came to see the truth of Jesus as revealed in Scripture and in the lives of the Christians that met daily in the Temple.
8 "Stephen" is a Greek name. It is likely that he was a Jew raised in another part of the Roman Empire. He now lived in Jerusalem and had become a convert to Christianity. Stephen's faith could not be questioned; neither could the fact that God worked miraculous signs through him.
9 Stephen apparently saw the non-Palestinian Jews as his mission field.
10 We do not know the contents of these debates, but we have clues based on the charges later brought against him and his defense. It appears that Stephen challenged the religious traditions that the Jews embraced so tenaciously. However, since many of the traditions were not mandated by God, nor were they helpful to understanding and worshiping God, the Jews found that they could not defend their positions.
11 In response to facing such irrefutable wisdom, the synagogue leaders brought a very vague, yet serious, charges against Stephen.
12 Using hysteria, they rallied both great and small against Stephen and brought him before the Jewish high court.
13 In Stephen's defense, he challenges the notion that God needs the Jewish Temple and is confined to it. While this logic is sound and not blasphemous, the Jews considered speaking against the Temple equivalent to speaking against God. It was the very mistaken notions the Jews had about the Temple that were the foundations of this charge.

Stephen does not address the second charge directly in his defense. It is likely that Stephen often spoke about Jesus' death replacing the sacrificial requirements of the Law of Moses. When Stephen does speak of the law in Acts 7:53, he accuses the Jews of breaking it. Since many of the Jews were rigorous about keeping the Law, Stephen was accusing them of neglecting the spirit of the Law and forgetting God's purpose for the Law. This was among the charges that Jesus brought against the Jews. Either of these accusations would be offensive to the Jews, and in their own minds, they changed the truth and logic of Stephen's arguments into so-called blasphemy.

14 The first accusation here may have two sources. First, Jesus predicted that the Temple would be destroyed (Mat 24:2). Secondly, Stephen may have spoken often of the body of believers being the true temple of God (John 4:21-24).
15 Stephen radiated the peace of God and the assurance of his convictions in the Truth. Stephen was unshakable both spiritually and physically. Calmness, joy, and a steadfast faith in God were apparent even in this turbulent situation.